The natural environment

The Cultural Landscape of Risco Caído and the Sacred Mountains of Gran Canaria includes almost all the enormous Caldera de Tejeda crater and the Tamadaba massif, as well as a part of the course of the Barranco Hondo ravine. The Cultural Landscape spreads over the municipalities of Tejeda, Artenara, Agaete and Gáldar.

Its geodiversity is extremely unique, and the observer has a very clear vision of the complex geological history of the island over the last 14 million years via its cliffs, ravines and escarpments.

The biodiversity of the Cultural Landscape is seen in some of the most important areas of the natural landscapes of the island, with large stretches of natural pine forest in Tamadaba and Inagua-Pajonales-Ojeda. Likewise, in the steep and relatively inaccessible areas, a significant natural plant biodiversity remains. The fauna, on the other hand, is represented by two important species of native birds associated with the pine forests: the blue finch of Gran Canaria and the woodpecker.  There is a large number of arthropods, many of which are native to the island.

These values were recognised internationally, once the area was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 2007. This Reserve and the Cultural Landscape share a large part of the same territory.